Pressure frying

In cooking, pressure frying is a variation on pressure cooking where meat and cooking oil are brought to high temperatures while pressure is held high enough to cook the food more quickly. This leaves the meat very hot and juicy. A receptacle used in pressure frying is known as a pressure fryer. The process is most notable for its use in the preparation of fried chicken in many commercial fried chicken restaurants. Pressure frying is mostly done in industrial kitchens. Ordinary pressure cookers are generally unsuitable for pressure frying, because they are typically designed for a maximum temperature around 121 °C (250 °F) whereas oil can reach temperatures well in excess of 160 °C (320 °F) which may damage the gasket in an ordinary pressure cooker causing it to fail. Attempting to pressure fry using a first generation pressure cooker can be very dangerous.[1] Second generation cookers are somewhat safer, but can still be dangerous if proper precautions, like opening fill limits, are not taken.[2] Pressure fryers operate at a lower pressure than pressure cookers.[3] The gasket in a pressure cooker's lid can be melted by boiling oil, which can result in burn injuries to anyone in the vicinity A fried chicken restaurant is a fast food restaurant, often a chain, that serves (mainly) fried chicken—usually chunks of chicken, battered or breaded and deep-fried—as opposed to other ways of cooking chicken such as broiling or roasting. The concept of the fried chicken restaurant originated in the United States. These restaurants may also serve other food items, such as roast or grilled chicken, seafood, or hamburgers. KFC is a well-known example. Fried chicken restaurants are commonplace in inner city areas of the United Kingdom.[1] The United Kingdom has one of the largest, fastest growing and most diverse fried chicken markets in the world, with about 1,000 individual brands and 1,700 outlets.[2] Shop signs are commonly designed in a red, white and blue colour scheme, and include a drawing or cartoon of a chicken, as well as a reference to the Southern United States.[3] Many British chicken outlets serve Halal meat and use a more spicy batter formula to differentiate themselves from KFC and appeal to young Muslim customers. Some have also diversified to sell kebabs, pizza and fish and chips. Especially popular in poor and ethnic minority neighbourhoods, fried chicken restaurants have been criticised for contributing to urban blight. For instance, Tottenham MP David Lammy thinks the proliferation of chicken joints hampers prosperity in his constituency.[1] Residents in Waltham Forest see them as "eyesores that encourage anti-social behaviour", according to a poll. [4] Other popular UK chicken brands include Chicken Cottage, Favorite Chicken, Miss Millie's Fried Chicken, Morley’s and Dixy Chicken.